Order INFRINGE Issue #3 now HERE


Over the last decade, Lena and Katya Popovy’s unique dolls have captivated the fashion and art world. The identical twin sisters, who are based in St. Petersburg, Russia, work together to craft every doll by hand, under the name Popovy Sisters. With high profile collectors including Louis Vuitton and Jean-Paul Gaultier, the dolls have become highly coveted, sculptural art objects. Over the years, the sisters have acquired a kind of cult status, due to the fantastical nature of their creations. “The dolls allow people to plunge into the world of fairytales,” they explain, “we create complete characters, not just the doll itself but the image as a whole, starting with the wig and the make-up and ending with the costume. It all works as a single organism.”

“Our dolls have hair made from llama, goat or alpaca wool, which is very thin, flexible and easy to dye, so our wigs look really realistic”
Popovy Sisters

The sisters, who studied fine art and sculpture, made their first doll in 2004 while on a course in clothes design. “We found ourselves in a doll exhibition and we got so carried away that we took a masterclass and started trying to make dolls. Since then we just haven’t stopped.” Because each element is produced by hand, the process calls for the sisters to inhabit various roles all at once – as well as artists, they are skilled mouldmakers, costume designers, hairstylists and photographers.

Created with such extraordinary attention to detail that they appear hyperreal, each doll is treated as a unique character with their own markings and traits, such as pierced ears, tattoos, and even individual moles and freckles. The sisters explain that the extreme, angular frame of the dolls is based on fashion sketches, and serves to enhance the final silhouette. “They are not natural, it is by no means a real body,” they explain, “we’ve extended their proportions and elongated the neck. Due to the way the fabric falls, when you dress a doll with more natural proportions, the body of the doll looks bulky and the neck looks too short.”

03 bat

Cast using polyurethane resin and porcelain, each doll measures around 40cm tall. While early incarnations were static, in 2012 the sisters developed their line of posable, ball-jointed dolls. This adds to their uncanny, lifelike feel, while the ability for provocative poses also adds a fetishistic dimension. For the sisters, the progression to posable dolls marked a big victory, with their frustration at the limitations of static limbs tracing all the way back to their childhood. “When we got our first doll, a standard Barbie doll, we were disappointed. We wanted her body to be more alive, we even tried to alter it with playdough,” they explain.

We visited the sisters at their workshop, just outside of St. Petersburg. As enigmatic in person as their work would suggest, we captured the duo in action, and documented the mesmerising artistry behind the creation of each doll.

689A2613 2

How would you describe your dolls to someone who hadn’t seen them? Our dolls are teenage girls, ‘teenage moths’ with exaggerated, elongated proportions. The faces we portray are neither that of a women nor child. Each of our dolls has some kind of trait that could be considered an imperfection, such as protruding ears or uneven teeth. Every face we create has its own peculiar features and expression. If you look at children’s photos when they haven’t learnt to pose yet, they won’t smile on purpose. They look at the camera and reveal whatever mood they are in. We wanted to reflect the same thing in the expressions of our dolls. For the character we envisaged a teenage girl of around 15-16 years old, a transition age.

Do you work together on all aspects of the creative process, or do you each have distinct roles? The process of creating the dolls has several stages. First we choose the theme, then we develop the prototypes based on that. This is the part we always do together. We draw, brainstorm what is going to be made from what and then we divide the tasks. For example, one of us will make the wig and shoes, while the other sews the outfit and paints the doll. Photographing them is something we always do together, it’s a really fun part of the process.

How important is the hair to the total image of the dolls? The hairstyles are always of great importance. For us it’s not even a hairstyle in the traditional sense, it’s a vital part of the whole image. Hairstyles are always closely tied to the full concept – the costume and the overall image of the doll. For us it is like a single art object.


Can you tell us about the process for creating the hairstyles, in terms of material and technique? When we first started to produce dolls, we got acquainted with materials specifically used for producing wigs for dolls. These materials allowed us to make things more delicate and realistic. Barbie’s hair is synthetic, whereas our dolls have hair made from llama, goat or alpaca wool, which is very thin, flexible and easy to dye, so our wigs look really realistic. Everything depends on what kind of look we’re trying to achieve, we choose the type of hair depending on what kind of texture is needed. We also use Japanese silk in our wigs as it adds a specific hardness so that it can take on different forms.

Some of the styles are challenging to create on a human-sized head, let alone a miniature version. How did you learn to do hair on such a small, intricate scale? Through constant practice. We have improved our various techniques over the years. The way we see it, there is no task that we set ourselves which can’t be solved.

“Hairstyles are always closely tied with the full concept - the costume and the overall image of the doll. For us it is like a single art object”
Popovy Sisters

Images Lena & Katya Popovy aka Popovy Sisters Website popovy-dolls.com
Studio Photography Panos Damaskinidis
Interview Antonio Celotto & Emma de Clercq
On-site Interpreter Igor Korzhov
Interpreters Anastasia Gorbatova, Nina Kruglikova, Anastasia Plisova

See the full story only in INFRINGE ISSUE #3 HERE

Sign up for INFRINGE updates

Get INFRINGE direct to your inbox!